Sport & Outdoor – Others

How to Identify and Resolve Common Issues ?

We offer a diverse range of insights on identifying and resolving common problems in sports. Our sources encompass academic articles, blog posts, and personal essays shared by seasoned athletes. :

Quality wire and connectors.

I recommend at least 16-gauge thin stranded copper primary wire.

Most motorcycles use: 16 to 18 gauge wire for the primary wires and wires to controls, lights, etc. 12 to 14 gauge wires for components with a heavier load like starters, generators, and battery grounds.
What is a Wiring Diagram? A wiring diagram is a simple visual representation of the physical connections and physical layout of an electrical system or circuit. It shows how the electrical wires are interconnected and can also show where fixtures and components may be connected to the system.
CDI Ignition System Motorcycle

When it comes to ignition systems, you`ll commonly hear of what`s called a CDI box, or capacitor discharge ignition box. Essentially, a CDI box controls a motorcycle`s ignition system by starting the ignition and combustion process.

A standard round gauge tool is the most common tool for measuring wire size. To measure a wire gauge, strip the wire and try to fit it into the numbered grooves that appear closest to it in size. The correct size should just fit the wire, but still allow it to pass through to the hole to be removed.
SXL Wire

It is often the preferred choice in higher stress applications like race or industrial use vehicles. If you are looking for extra durability, this is a good choice. GXL and TXL wire feature the same type of insulation but thinner walls to make it easier to pull through tight spaces.

The short answer is, the CDI box controls your motorcycle`s ignition system—arguably one of the most essential systems on the bike. After all, if it doesn`t start correctly, your bike isn`t going anywhere.
The alternator used in the CDI ignition system can produce AC voltages between 100 – 400 V. This current is used as the basis for the induction process.
The difference between a standard rectifier and CDI`s Regulated Rectifier is simple. The Regulated Rectifier has new technology that provides more stable charge to the battery. A more stable charge will prevent battery damage and even prolong the battery`s life.
* Wires which touch the thread at the pitch diameter are known as “Best Size” Wires. Such wires are used because the measurements of pitch diameter are least affected by errors that may be present in the angle of the thread. The diameter of the measuring wires is represented by the letter G.
The larger the cross-section of a wire, the less its resistance. Also, the larger the cross-section, the greater the amount of current (amperage) the wire can safely carry before overheating. A wire with a smaller gauge (larger diameter) can carry more power than one with a larger gauge.
A 20-amp circuit, protected by a 20-amp breaker or fuse, must be served by 12-gauge or 10-gauge wire.
Empirically, tungsten is the stronger material as compared with stainless steel alternatives. Pound for pound, tungsten, on the periodic table known as wolfram or simply W, is the strongest metal on earth.
To determine what gauge wire you need, consider the carrying capacity and the amount of current the wire needs to conduct (measured in amperage or amps). Wire gauge is directly related to how many amps you need to run through it. The distance you need the wire to go can also impact the gauge of wire you need.
US AC power circuit wiring color codes

The protective ground is green or green with yellow stripe. The neutral is white, the hot (live or active) single phase wires are black , and red in the case of a second active. Three-phase lines are red, black, and blue.

WIDE APPLICATION: 18 AWG electrical wire can be used for all single color LED strip lights, various DC electrical hookups including CB Radios, electronics, electrical appliance and equipment, transformer, motor lead wire connection, other low voltage products.
Gauge is the standard unit of measure for sheet steel and wire products. The lower the number, the thicker the steel. Therefore, 16 gauge is thicker than 18 gauge steel. The reason we promote using 16 gauge steel for your sinks versus 18 gauge is 16 is more rigid.
The 16 AWG wire can accommodate an appliance with a higher wattage (power) than an 18 AWG wire. see less AWG stands for American Wire Gauge. It pertains to the diameter of the wire. The lower the AWG, the more current capacity it can carry.
Wiring diagrams , also called connection diagrams, however, do show how equipment is laid out and the connections between them. A wiring diagram shows the relative layout of the components and the wire connections between them.
A single-line diagram (also known as an SLD or one-line diagram) is a simplified representation of an electrical system. Symbols and lines are used to represent the nodes and connections in the system, and electrical characteristics may be included as well.
A drawing meant to depict the physical arrangement of the wires and the components they connect is called artwork or layout, physical design, or wiring diagram.
Wiring diagrams are highly in use in circuit manufacturing or other electronic devices projects. The layout facilitates communication between electrical engineers designing electrical circuits and implementing them. The pictures are also helpful in making repairs.
But sometimes, you may need to connect a common wire (C wire) or power accessory, like the Nest Power Connector, to make your system compatible. Unlike other wires connected to your thermostat, a C wire doesn`t control heating or cooling functions. It only provides constant power to your thermostat.
Racing CDI without restrictions.

When you mount a CDI without restrictions, it is possible to achieve higher rpm and thus potentially increase the power/speed of your moped. With this reliable CDI you have an easy and safe electronic start on your scooter, as well as a safe and stable flow in the current.

Discover Relevant Questions and Answers for Your Specific Issue

the most relevant questions and answers related to your specific issue

Spark plug wire boot grounding out on coil, 96 outback 2.5 automatic, just put new spark plug wires, new spark plugs, and new coil on. ran great for two weeks, now spark is jumping out of boot at coil on one wire, put old coil back on and still does it in the same spot. replaced wires again, and still does it in the same spot. seems to do it only under a load. Is my new spark plug on that cylinder bad? Does the coil need some insulation under it? It is the coil that sits right on top of the motor. Any ideas? thanks.
ANSWER : Sparks are high voltage, and will always follow the path of least resistance. If you can visibly see a spark (whether in a lighted area, or in the dark), that means either that a plug wire (or coil wire) is open (non conductive), or your have a carbon track on the surface where the spark can be seen, but most likely you have BOTH problems!

If you have an ohmmeter, check the resistance of each wire involved, particularly spark plug wires … which means you must be able to connect to both ends of each wire at the same, and hopefully, FLEX those wires, to be sure they don’t have a break inside that is intermittent (comes and goes)!

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I have imported a 2000 Compass Herald Clermont caravan from the UK to Australia. The van has two 7 pin round plugs to connect to the towing vehicle. The blach one which has 7 wires is self explanitory but never having owned a van in the UK with Batteries and charging unit I don’t know what the second plug which is on the grey cable does.
Could you please explain what each of the coloured wires (5 in all) connect to on the towing vehicle as I need to wire in a second socket on the rear of my car.
ANSWER : Here is a link to a site which explains all the different wire functions for all the plug types:

Type 7 Pin Plug:(12S) (Grey)

Yellow – Reverse Light
Blue – Live Battery Feed
White – Earth
Green – Live Feed
Brown – Spare
Red – Fridge
Black – Second Earth

Hopefully this is what you were looking for.

Please click on the 4 Thumbs Up rating icon if this was at all helpful.

Thank you very much.


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I have a Kohler Condidant 5 Generator that will run as long as you hold the start button in. It dies when you let off. I have a harness for the remote switch but no switch – It also will start the generator when you cross the red and black wire and run as long as you hold them together. There are 3 wires to the main switch and 5 to the remote switch. Does the starter stay engaged the whole time you hold the start switch or does the computer release the starter once it is running? The Generator is producing electricity because I tested it while holding the start button. Some where is a wire that shold tell it to keep running. I have read online many descriptions of the same problem, most are told the board is bad so they replace it and still have the problem. Have not found a solution. Talked to a marine machanic today and he said he fixed his friends generator doing the same thing by running a bypass wire but he couldnt remember exactly what he did it was a long time ago. Can anyone help me. Thank you
ANSWER : The problem is either the ballast resistor or the starter bypass relay. The bypass relay should be part of the starter solenoid. I’m afraid I can’t tell you exactly where the ballast resistor is located. It should be a physically fairly large resistor made of ceramic. It should be retangular roughly 1.5″-3″ long and 3/8″-1/2″ accross with a wire on each end. It could also be a coil of wire mounted on a phenolic board.
If you need more help just add a comment and I’ll respond as soon as I get the message.

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The Bike Technicians Tactic Phase1 An electrical inspection on the bike should produce results. First, the bike battery powers the entire lightening systems mentionable as ignition, meter readings, head lamps, signal indicators. However, the battery provides the power supply to several entities though also significant is the fuse box containing circuit protection coils. Inserting the bike key into the ignition to perform start mode displays the capacity power circuits. A charged battery should display an indication in the meter reading area also known as bike dashboard grading. A malfunctioning start mode on inserting key in ignition may be traceable several locations on the electrical circuits. Attempting to repair the electrical power of the bike usually requires batter power power test kit. The test kit ascertains the battery power making possible progress to the remaining electrical circuits. Test kit also ascertains the fuse box circuit functionality either with fuses still intact or extracted allowing for the next progress level. An observation tour of the bikes electrical wiring kits from battery hold through fuse box compartments to each lightening display area either headlamps, indicators, and meter reading should produce results of any visible damages that may require repairs after the electrical inspection has been performed. Once any faults were observed on the electrical channels, repair mode is the next level. A dull battery either may have been depleted completely of durational capacity requiring another for replacement. Alternately, a depleted power supply due to prolonged storage may require charge functionalities. Usually, a device capacapble of restoring a battery of electrolytes is resorted for charger ability. The type of battery may require constuents either liquid cathode replenishment in the battery entrapment area prior to charging feature is assumed with electrolyte machine. Once the battery has regained full functionality makes way the next repair task. The fuse box may have simply required replacement fuses either as missing or burnt out. A fuse box usually contains additional spare for replacement functionalities. An alternate arrangement at acquiring fuses on the auto mart may replace the burnt devices. The next electrical task is wiring fixtures achievable by mending broken cords with appropriate electrician’s tapes else malfunctions may remain. Alternately, a worn-out electrical wire is replaceable by acquiring the entire extension lengthwise between significant areas. The last remaining electrical units are lightening indicators consisting of bulbs or luminescent displays reflectors. Observe the blub areas either by loosening covers to inspect for observable burnouts else the entire electrical circuitry is ready for functionality observations with separate entities. Engine Technicians Tactic PHASE 2 A bike engine inspection includes observation for indications of malfunction. Any fluid residue is indication of problem areas. Where oil leaks usually requires engine block inspections. A bike engine consists of an entrapment compartment where mechanical combustion takes place. First, the entire observable block consists of an external coating known as engine bloc housing internal component of pistons, rings, and fastens known as cylinder heads. A bike engine has every component embedded within requiring technical expertise to achieve an inspection. Once deciding on the engine task requirements, acquire a tool box with the appropriate componements as first requirement before engine works is commence able. Second, the bike may require an area environment as workshop requirement to attain engine inspections. Third, bike engine are least bulky compared with vehicle engines however assistance would complement the inspection phase. Prior to inspecting the bike engine, a strap mechanism has to be assumed to achieve expert maneuverability also as safe precaution. Unless parts hinder maneuverability at engine locations, the only removable components should be the engine. First, start with disjointing the spark plug cables to acquire accessibility to plugs imbedded on the cylinder heads. The plugs require tools to loosen thereby exposing the combustible area. Once the spark plugs are exposed, two alternatives are likely. First, a spark plug may have gathered rust residue only requiring cleaning to attain regular capacity. The pin area of the spark plug may have been twisted due to overheating and slight melting dislocation. Usually cleaning the residue from old plugs may simply expose the ignitable capacities. However, an observation of twisted plug pin may require twisting back in place to achieve full ignitability once bike engine starts. A bike engine bloc has the pistons as combustibles or blasters of fuel gasoline. The rings perform as strap fasteners whenever the pistons move about combustibility. Usually, the engine entrapment components would have collected residue requiring clearing. Also, pistons together with rings may require replacements either as worn-out due to prolongs tasks or overexerted biker features.
ANSWER : Get to the manufacturer

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I have a sealey supermig 150 mig welder with gas and have not used it for some time , i have tried to weld with it and the wire keeps arching on my steel pieces i am trying to test weld too and the wire keeps sticking to the copper coloured tip , i have to then pull out the wire cut it and sort of free it from the tip as it seems to short to the tip
just fitted a new nozzle, spring and tip still same problem …
many thanks jim
ANSWER : Indicates that the gas is not flowing when the trigger is activated
check bottle for gas

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Our bildge pump still puts out 3 amps when off. Bad wiring. Is there a diagram manual of wiring for a 1990 ski centurion trutac III ski boat?
when you get to the harness connection of the wires they change colors.
ANSWER : You can get all kind of bilge pump related documents here:
Afterclicking this link you will be forwarded to a page contains a form. You need tofill up that form. Most of them are pre-filled. You need to write “bilge”in Brand box and model number in “model number” box. Please don’tforget to mention “type of product” in the “description box”.Finally accept their “terms and condition” and click on “search”tab.
Under “Typeof Document” you will find schematics diagrams. Download documents as per yourrequirement.
Hope this will help you. Good Luck.

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I un-plugged the wiring for the forward control ignition start at the engine end at the terninal juction point just inside the motor cover.
I did this to re-rout he wires from the forward control.
I do not now know which wire colours join to which.
it is a suzuki 1982 dt 40 2 stroke out board motor

According to you your engine is too old. You don’t have say
the exact problem of your engine. But don’t worry I will try to help you for
your need. You have to wired it again so wiring’s colour combination of the engine side are Brown/ Yellow/ Orange/ Black/ Purple/ Blue/ White
and the forward control side are Red/ Green/
Yellow/ Black/ White/ Blue/ Brown.

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